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This paper mainly investigates a novel inverse projective synchronization between two different fractional-order hyperchaotic systems, that is, the fractional-order hyperchaotic Lorenz system and the fractional-order hyperchaotic Chen system. By using the stability theory of fractional-order differential equations and Lyapunov equations for fractional-order systems, two kinds of suitable controllers for achieving inverse projective synchronization are designed, in which the generalized synchronization, antisynchronization, and projective synchronization of fractional-order hyperchaotic Lorenz system and fractional-order hyperchaotic Chen system are also successfully achieved, respectively. Finally, simulations are presented to demonstrate the validity and feasibility of the proposed method.

The history of fractional calculus is more than three centuries old. It has been found that the behavior of many physical systems can be properly described by fractional-order systems, for example, dielectric polarization, electrode-electrolyte polarization, electromagnetic waves, viscoelastic systems, quantitative finance, and diffusion waves [

It has been well known that a chaotic system is a nonlinear deterministic system with unpredictable complexity. In the past decade, synchronization of chaotic systems has attracted considerable attention since the pioneering work of Pecora and Carroll [

Recently, synchronization of chaotic fractional differential systems becomes a challenging and interesting problem and starts to attract increasing attention due to its potential applications to secure communication and control processing. Most of the methods and results of chaos synchronization in the integer-order differential systems cannot be simply extended to the fractional-order systems because fractional differential dynamical systems are very complex. Some scholars did some research about projective synchronization of fractional systems. For instance, Shao et al. proposes a method to achieve projective synchronization of the fractional-order chaotic Rössler system [

However, to our best knowledge, there are few results about inverse projective synchronization of fractional-order hyperchaotic system. Wu and Lu investigated the generalized projective synchronization of fractional-order Chen hyperchaotic systems [

The remainder of this paper is organized as follows. In Section

Fractional calculus is a generalization of integration and differentiation to a noninteger-order integrodifferential operator

There are some definitions for fractional derivatives. The commonly used definitions are Grunwald-Letnikov, Riemann-Liouville, and Caputo definitions. The Riemann-Liouvill fractional derivatives, defined by

In this paper, the following definition is used:

To obtain our results, the following lemma is presented.

For a given autonomous linear system of fractional order

The system (

asymptotically stable if and only if

stable if and only if either it is asymptotically stable or those critical eigenvalues which satisfy

Figure

Stability region of the fractional-order system.

The hyperchaotic Lorenz system with fractional order [

The projections of attractors of fractional-order hyperchaotic Lorenz system with order

In 2009, Wu and Lu investigated the hyperchaotic behaviors in fractional-order Chen hyperchaotic system, which is described by

The projections of attractors of fractional-order hyperchaotic Chen system with order

In the section, we will discuss inverse projective synchronization behavior between fractional-order hyperchaotic Lorenz system and fractional-order hyperchaotic Chen system. We assume that fractional-order hyperchaotic Lorenz system is the drive system and the response system is fractional-order hyperchaotic Chen system, which are governed by systems (

System (

It follows from (

Our aim is to find suitable control laws

For a given constant scaling matrix

Substituting (

Error system (

Suppose

It follows from the control law (

For a given constant scaling matrix

Combining (

The following proof process is similar to that of Theorem

If we set the scaling matrix

For a given constant scaling matrix

For a given constant scaling matrix

Further, we take constant scaling matrix

For any initial conditions, if parameters

For any initial conditions, if the parameters

Similarly, scaling factor matrices are selected as

In this section, to verify and demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed controller laws, we discuss the simulation results of inverse projective synchronization between fractional-order hyperchaotic Lorenz system and fractional-order hyperchaotic Chen system. The simulation is performed using Matlab software.

For this numerical simulation, the parameters are chosen to be

The state synchronization trajectories of the master system (

The state synchronization trajectories of the master system (

Signals after synchronization under control law (

Signals after synchronization under control law (

Error states of the drive system (

In this paper, based on the stability theory of fractional-order differential equations and Lyapunov equations for fractional-order systems, two criteria are provided to ensure the inverse projective synchronization between fractional-order hyperchaotic Lorenz system and fractional-order hyperchaotic Chen system. There are few papers about the inverse projective synchronization of fractional-order hyperchaotic system, which often exists in real systems. The feasibility and effectiveness of proposed schemes have been validated by computer simulation. It should be noted that complete synchronization, antisynchronization, and general projective synchronization are the special cases of inverse projective synchronization. Therefore, the results of this paper are more applicable and representative. Meanwhile, results could be extended to other fractional-order hyperchaotic system, such as fractional-order hyperchaotic Lü system, and fractional-order hyperchaotic Rössler system.

This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 60974090), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (no. CDJXS11172237; no. CDJRC10170005; no. CDJZR 11170005), the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (no. 20093401120001; no. 102063720090013), the Natural Science Foundation of Anhui Province (no. 11040606M12), and the Natural Science Foundation of Anhui Education Bureau (no. KJ2010A035).